This report deals with an in-depth study of 149 children who were ostensibly restrained in preparation for crashes, and who actually experienced collisions of the passenger cars in which they were travelling. Children in child restraints approved by the Standards Association of Australia received nothing worse than minor injury. Similarly, restrained bassinets gave moderate protection. Seat belts supplied for adults tended to be worn very loosely by children and in that condition did not provide adequate restraint. Most of the injuries sustained were to the head region following contacts with car interiors. Recommendations are made for improving crash protection.